The dervishes come from the Mevlevi Sufi Order (Tariqa). This order is from Konya, the central Anatolia region of Turkey.
This order was started by Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Balkhi-Rumi. In the west he is better known as just simply “Rumi”. He was a 13th century Persian Poet who is famous primarily for his poetry.
Dervishes are famous for their whirling. Which is part of what is called Sama (سَمَاع) – the Sufi ceremony.
Whirling done by the dervishes is active meditation. It is not merely meditation though. Whirling is also a form of Dhikr (ذِکْر). Which means: “remembrance of Allah”.
Dhikr is derived from the Qur’an. The Qur’an states, “in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest” (13:28)
Arabic: الذين امنوا وتطمئن قلوبهم بذكر الله الا بذكر الله تطمئن القلوب
While whirling the dervishes wear a camel skinned hat called sikke and a white robe called tennure. Over that is a black robe that is taken off before whirling.
The black robe is symbolic of the Ego’s dark shroud. Before initiating whirling the Dervishes cross their arms. This is symbolic of the unity and completeness of Allah.
Whirling is from right to left as the planets in the solar system orbit. This is an embracing of love for all humanity from the creator and sustainer of the Universe.
Pic. Dervishes Whirling