Six chapters (Surah) in the Qur’an are named after animals.
Al-baqarah (The Cow),
Al-Anaam (The Cattle),
Al-Nahl (The Bee),
Al-Naml (The Ant),
Al-Ankaboot (The spider),
Al-Feel (The elephant).
Note: Insects are animals. They are arthropod phylum under Kingdom Animalia.
The Qur’an has explicit instructions for Muslims to NOT create divisions. See, 3:103 Despite this fact divisions do exist. The two largest and most well known are Shia and Sunni.
Since neither are specifically mentioned in the Qur’an they will be discussed only briefly and generally. The historical roots:
After the death of Prophet Muhammad (عليه السلام) in 632 A.D. there was a dispute over who would lead the Muslim community (Ummah) as Khalif (خليف). Note: A Khalif is a leader of the Muslim Ummah.
The rightful successor at the time was Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (رضي الله عنه) since he was the closest companion of the Prophet. Serving from 622 – 632 A.D. as a chief advisor to the Prophet.
There were some who believed the succession was not legitimate though. Their belief was Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضي الله عنه) was the rightful successor. This belief was supported by the fact that Ali was the cousin and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (عليه السلام).
That created disputes within the Muslim community and from this emerged two divisions. The supporters of Ali and those of Bakr. These two divisions eventually became known as Shia and Sunni. With the supporters of Ali being the Shia and everyone else Sunni.
Naturally, these divisions have evolved into more than just an historical dispute over who the sucessor would be. The adherents of each now have differing beliefs concerning eschatology, theology, and so forth. Unfornately they are to numerous to list herein.
In various English meaning Qur’an’s there exist brackets. They typically appear as ( ) or [ ]. These brackets should never be confused with actual text of the Qur’an or meaning therein.
They are equivalent to in text commentary, but in most cases they should be ignored. Brackets are merely bits and pieces of one translators interpretation.
The Qur’an is considered sacred text. IT must, therefore, be handled with care. Respect for the Qur’an is equivalent to showing respect for Allah (SWT). Which can bring reward in this life or the hereafter, Insha’Allah. Allah is all-knowing and sees all.
General care and guidelines for handling the Qur’an:
- Never place on the ground.
- Never bring into a bathroom.
- Never place any books on top of.
- Keep all liquids away from as not to spill any on.
- Keep upright, vertical, when finished reading. The same as you would with books on a bookshelf.
- Do NOT dog ear any pages.
- Never bring into a room where marital relations have occurred.
- Never highlight or mark any pages or text.
- Keep away from your gentiles.
- Keep dust free.
Why does one need to look at the context of what he or she is reading (Iqra) in the Qur’an? For the fact that without context meaning often becomes distorted. This can lead to misunderstandings on a particular passage or verse (Ayat).