EID

It now is coming to the end of Ramadan. Which is known as Eid al-Fitr. Meaning: The feast of breaking the fast.

Please wish all your family, colleagues, and friends who are Muslim a blessed EID (Mubarak).

Note: Eid al-Fitr 2017 in United States of America began in the evening of Saturday, June 24 and ends in the evening of Tuesday, June 27.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Complete

Any claim that asserts Muslims cannot understand their religion without hadeeths of the prophet because the Qur’an is not detailed or it does not contain specifics is in effect no less a claim of Allah (SWT) having lied, which is a form of blasphemy, because Allah (SWT) has explicitly stated the Qur’an is fully detailed, not missing anything, and complete.

Quran 6:19 Say, “Whose testimony is the greatest?” Say, “God’s. He is the witness between me and you that this Quran has been inspired to me, to preach it to you and whomever it reaches. Indeed, you bear witness that there are other gods beside God.” Say, “I do not testify as you do; there is only one god, and I disown your idolatry.”

Arabic: قُلْ أَيُّ شَيْءٍ أَكْبَرُ شَهَادَةً ۖ قُلِ اللَّهُ ۖ شَهِيدٌ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكُمْ ۚ وَأُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنُ لِأُنذِرَكُم بِهِ وَمَن بَلَغَ ۚ أَئِنَّكُمْ لَتَشْهَدُونَ أَنَّ مَعَ اللَّهِ آلِهَةً أُخْرَىٰ ۚ قُل لَّا أَشْهَدُ ۚ قُلْ إِنَّمَا هُوَ إِلَٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ وَإِنَّنِي بَرِيءٌ مِّمَّا تُشْرِكُونَ

Quran 6:38 We did not leave anything out of this book.

Arabic: وَمَا مِن دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا طَائِرٍ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ إِلَّا أُمَمٌ أَمْثَالُكُم ۚ مَّا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِن شَيْءٍ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ

Quran 7:52 We have given them a scripture that is fully detailed, with knowledge, guidance, and mercy for the people who believe.

Arabic: وَلَقَدْ جِئْنَاهُم بِكِتَابٍ فَصَّلْنَاهُ عَلَىٰ عِلْمٍ هُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Quran 10:37 This Quran could not possibly be authored by other than God. It confirms all previous messages, and provides a fully detailed scripture. It is infallible, for it comes from the Lord of the universe.

Arabic: وَمَا كَانَ هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنُ أَن يُفْتَرَىٰ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلَٰكِن تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ الْكِتَابِ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Quran 12:111 In their history, there is a lesson for those who possess intelligence. This is not fabricated Hadith; this (Quran) confirms all previous scriptures, provides the details of everything, and is a beacon and mercy for those who believe.

Arabic: لَقَدْ كَانَ فِي قَصَصِهِمْ عِبْرَةٌ لِّأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ ۗ مَا كَانَ حَدِيثًا يُفْتَرَىٰ وَلَٰكِن تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Quran 6:114 Shall I seek other than God as a source of law, when He has revealed to you this book fully detailed? Those who received the scripture recognize that it has been revealed from your Lord, truthfully. You shall not harbor any doubt.

Arabic: أَفَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ أَبْتَغِي حَكَمًا وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكِتَابَ مُفَصَّلًا ۚ وَالَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مُنَزَّلٌ مِّن رَّبِّكَ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ=

Quran 6:115 The word of your Lord is complete, in truth and justice. Nothing shall abrogate His words. He is the Hearer, the Omniscient.

Arabic: وَتَمَّتْ كَلِمَتُ رَبِّكَ صِدْقًا وَعَدْلًا ۚ لَّا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِهِ ۚ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

Jakarta

There was a terrorist attack at a bus station in Jakarta, Indonesia. Reports are two terrorists exploded a bomb killing 3 Police officers and injuring at least 10 others.

“TWO suspected suicide bombers killed three Indonesian police officers and injured 10 people on Wednesday night in twin blasts near a bus station in the eastern part of the capital, police said.” – AC

“Indonesia’s anti-terrorism unit raided the home of a suspected suicide bomber on Thursday as authorities linked attacks that killed three police officers at a Jakarta bus station a day earlier to the Islamic State militant group.” – REUT

In no way is this attack Islamic. Much like with the terrorist attack in Manchester this is an act of terrorism. Suicide and the unjust killing of others is explicitly and unconditionally prohibited by the Qur’an.

Qur’an 4:29 O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you.

Arabic: يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ لاَ تَأْكُلُواْ أَمْوَالَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ بِالْبَاطِلِ إِلاَّ أَن تَكُونَ تِجَارَةً عَن تَرَاضٍ مِّنكُمْ وَلاَ تَقْتُلُواْ أَنفُسَكُمْ إِنَّ اللّهَ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيمًا

Please keep the families of these police officers and those injured in your prayers, thoughts, and hearts. May Allah have mercy on the victims and their families and give them all peace in their hearts. Ameen

Manchester

There was a terrorist attack at the Manchester Arena; Manchester, England. Reports are the terrorist exploded a bomb he was carrying into the Arena. Estimates are 22 have been killed and 59 injured.

“The attacker, I can confirm, died at the arena. We believe the attacker was carrying an improvised explosive device, which he detonated, causing this atrocity,” said Chief Constable Ian Hopkins. – CNN

“Twenty-two people, including children, have been killed and 59 injured in a suicide attack at Manchester Arena.” – BBC

In no way is this attack Islamic or Muslim. This is an act of terrorism by a disturbed and deranged person. Suicide and the unjust killing of others is explicitly and unconditionally prohibited by the Qur’an.

Qur’an 4:29 O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you.

Arabic: يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ لاَ تَأْكُلُواْ أَمْوَالَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ بِالْبَاطِلِ إِلاَّ أَن تَكُونَ تِجَارَةً عَن تَرَاضٍ مِّنكُمْ وَلاَ تَقْتُلُواْ أَنفُسَكُمْ إِنَّ اللّهَ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيمًا

Please keep the victims and their families in your hearts, prayers, and thoughts. May Allah (SWT) have mercy on all the victims of this attack and give each of them peace in their hearts. Ameen!

Articles of Faith

Six essential beliefs. Requirements for being a Muslim.

  • Belief in One-God (الله).
  • Belief in Angels.
  • Belief in the Holy books (Taurat, Gospel, and Quran).
  • Belief in the prophets (Adam – Muhammad)
  • Belief in the Day of Judgement.
  • Belief in God predestination.

shari’ah

A verse (Ayat) that encompasses all the laws of Shari’ah. Some scholars have stated the most comprehensive is Al-A’raf 7:31. As it has a command, a prohibition, permissibility, and information.

Qur’an 7:31 O children of Adam, take your adornment at every masjid, and eat and drink, but be not excessive. Indeed, He likes not those who commit excess.

Arabic:يَا بَنِي آدَمَ خُذُوا زِينَتَكُمْ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسْجِدٍ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلَا تُسْرِفُوا ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُسْرِفِينَ

Knowledge

Knowledge  is a light which Allah places in the hearts of whomever he wills. The light shows the way providing guidance. It becomes an illumination whereby man can see everything in its proper place.
 
Qur’an 24:35 Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The example of His light is like a niche within which is a lamp, the lamp is within glass, the glass as if it were a pearly [white] star lit from [the oil of] a blessed olive tree, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil would almost glow even if untouched by fire. Light upon light. Allah guides to His light whom He wills. And Allah presents examples for the people, and Allah is Knowing of all things.
 
Arabic: اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ ۖ الْمِصْبَاحُ فِي زُجَاجَةٍ ۖ الزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ زَيْتُونَةٍ لَّا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلَا غَرْبِيَّةٍ يَكَادُ زَيْتُهَا يُضِيءُ وَلَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نَارٌ ۚ نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ ۗ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ لِنُورِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

tactics

The extremists and islamophobes use the same tactics. Both take verses (ayat) from the Qur’an at face value and in isolation to support their assertions. Never providing anything of substance and value. Such as – context, a logically valid exegesis, and so forth.

Only difference between the two is their goal. The islamophobes are trying to direct people away from Islam and against Islam. Where as the extremists  in many cases are trying to justify certain criminal acts.

Whether Muslim or non-Muslims we should all abhor this and take a firm stand against it.

1. These kind of tactics are not intellectually  honest, and 2. they stymie true intellectual discourse.

Takfir

There is a prohibition upon making Takfir. Which is the act of declaring another Muslim a disbeliever (Kafir). 

Proofs: 

In the hadith Ibn Umar related that the Holy Prophet said: If a Muslim calls another kafir, then if he is a kafir let it be so; otherwise, he [the caller] is himself a kafir.” (Abu Dawud, Book of Sunna, edition published by Quran Mahal, Karachi, vol. iii, p. 484) 

Abu Zarr reported that the Holy Prophet said: No man accuses another man of being a sinner, or of being a kafir, but it reflects back on him if the other is not as he called him.” (Bukhari, Book of Ethics; Book 78, ch. 44) 

“Withhold [your tongues] from those who say `There is no god but Allah’ — do not call them kafir. Whoever calls a reciter of `There is no god but Allah’ as a kafir, is nearer to being a kafir himself.” (Tabarani, reported from Ibn Umar) 

Call not the people of your Qibla [i.e. those who face the Ka`ba in Makka for prayer] as kafir.” (Al-Nihaya of Ibn Athir, vol. iv, p. 187) 

“Nothing expels a man from faith except the denial of that by which he entered into it [i.e. the Kalima].” (Majma` az-Zawa’id, vol. i, p. 43) 

“Three things are the basis of faith. [One is] to withhold from one who says `There is no god but Allah’ — do not call him kafir for any sin, nor expel him from Islam for any misconduct.” (Abu Dawud, Book of Jihad, 15:33) 

“Whoever attributes kufr [unbelief] to a believer, he is like his murderer.” (Tirmizi, ch. Iman (Faith); see Arabic-Urdu edition cited earlier, vol. ii, p. 213. See also Bukhari, Book of Ethics; Book 78, ch. 44) 

“And among the doctrines of the Ahl as-Sunna is that none of the people of the Qibla can be called kafir.” (Sharh `Aqa’id Nasfi, p. 121) 

Regarding Imam Abu Hanifa, the founder of the Hanafi system of Islamic law, which has more followers than any other system in Islam, it is written: “He did not call as kafir anyone from among the people of the Qibla.” (Sharh Mawaqif, fifth part) 

He said: “Nothing expels a man from faith except the denial of that which made him enter it.” (Rad al-Mukhtar, vol. iii, p. 310) 

“It is extremely serious to expel a Muslim from the faith.”(Sharh Shifa, vol. ii, p. 500) 

“A ruling of takfir against a Muslim should not be given if it is possible to interpret his words in a favourable manner.” (Rad al-Mukhtar, Book of Jihad, ch. on Apostasy) 

“As for statements of takfir found in books of rulings (fatwa), these are not proof if the authors are unknown and the arguments are missing, because in matters of faith, beliefs depend on conclusive proof, and the takfir of a Muslim is attended with troubles of all sorts.” (Sharh Fiqh Akbar, by Mulla Ali Qari) 

Allama Sayyid Jalal-ud-Din wrote: “The takfir of people of the Qibla is itself an act of unbelief.” (Dala’il al-Masa’il) 

Ibn Abu Hamra, a saint, wrote: “It has already been stated that the rule of the Ahl Sunna is that they do not call kafir, or consider as going to hell eternally, anyone who is of the people of the Qibla.” 

“The Imams have made it clear that if there is any ground for not issuing takfir, a ruling of takfir should not be made, even if that ground is weak.” (Raf al-ishtiba `an `ibarat al-ishtiba, p. 4, published in Egypt) 

“The generality of the theologians and the jurists are agreed that none of the people of the Qibla can be called a kafir.” (Al-Mawaqif, printed in Cairo, p. 600) 

“Some prejudiced persons from the Asharis call the Hanbalis as kafir, and some Hanbalis call the Asharis as kafir. But their calling each other kafir is not right because the belief of the trustworthy Imams of the Hanafis, Shafi`is, Hanbalis, and the Asharis, is that none of the people of the Qibla can be called a kafir.” (Miftah Dar as-Sa`ada wa Misbak as-Sayyida, vol i, p. 46) 

Note: Although these proofs are not from the Qur’an per se they are from numerous different sources which is sufficient enough to establish said prohibition does exist.

longest

Longest word in the Quran is Fa’asqainakumuh (فأسقيناكموه). It is found in Chapter (Surah) 15 verse (Ayat) 22. It means: “so he will save you from them”

Qur’an 15:22 And We have sent the fertilizing winds and sent down water from the sky and given you drink from it. And you are not its retainers.

Arabic: وَأَرْسَلْنَا الرِّيَاحَ لَوَاقِحَ فَأَنزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَسْقَيْنَاكُمُوهُ وَمَا أَنتُمْ لَهُ بِخَازِنِينَ

Compilation

General overview

Written record of the Qur’an was made while Prophet Muhammad (عليه السلام) was still living. It was recited by the Prophet from memory  and written down by scribes.

Scribes wrote down revelation being recited on palm leaves, leather, and bones. Each chapter (Surah) and verse (Ayat) was arranged in the order they were revealed.

The Qur’an initially was not compiled into one volume. Although some of the companions (Sahaba) of the Prophet did make personal copies for themselves after having memorized what was being recited.

Collection of copies occurred after the death of the Prophet during the caliphate of Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه). He put Zayd bin Thabit in charge of gathering all written sheets (suhuf) in existence.

All copies were then checked and verified for accuracy by companions of the Prophet. Of whom were Hafiz.

After the death of Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه) these collections were then transferred to Hazrat Ḥafsa bint Umar who was the daughter of Umar ibn Al-Khattab and one of the wives of the Prophet.

The  standardization into one volume (mushaf) from those collections took place during the caliphate of Uthman bin Affan (رضي الله عنه).

Transcribing of the standardized Qur’an from said collections was done by four of the most knowledgeable scribes – who were: Zayd bin Thabit, Abdullah bin az-Zubayr, Sa’eed bin al-Aas, and Abdur-Rahman bin al-Hisham.

After transcribing was completed copies were then sent to various territories and regions to replace any other collections in circulation. Uthman kept a copy of the standardized Qur’an in Madinah and original Suhuf were returned to Hafsa.

The companions  (sahabah) of the Prophet were in agreement that the standardized copy is the one true revelation that was sent down to Prophet Muhammad (عليه السلام) from Allah (سبحانه و تعالى).

The Mushaf of Uthman originally had no dots or vowel markers though. These were not necessary at the time. Most knew Arabic in a pure form. What is  now known today as classical Arabic.

The spread of Islam into other countries justified the eventual need to guard against incorrect reading and pronunciations. This made the need for said dots and markers necessary.

Scholars were initially reluctant about the addition of but latter agreed that they did not change Qur’anic text or context and only aided in proper pronunciation.

Short vowel sounds were represented by dots positioned above, below, or to the left of a letter. This was introduced during the caliphate of Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan by Abul-Aswad ad-Du’li.

Letters which were similar were differentiated by a different system of dots above and below during the caliphate of ‘Abdul-Malik bin Marwan. His governor al-Hajjaj appointed two scholars, Nas bin ‘Asim and Hayy bin Ya’mur, to implement this system.

 


Terms & words

1. “عليه السلام” is Alayhi as-salām in Arabic script. The English equivalent is: Peace be upon him.
2. Surah is a Chapter in the Qur’an.
3. Ayat is a verse in the Qur’an.
4. Sahaba are the companions of the Prophet.
5. “رضي الله عنه” is Radhiallahu ‘anhu in Arabic script. The English equivalent is: May God be pleased with.
6. “Mushaf” are scrolls or sheets.
7.  Hafiz is an honorific title referring to someone who has entirely and completely memorized the Qur’an.
8. “سبحانه و تعالى” is Subḥānahu wa-taʿālā in Arabic script. The English equivalent is: May God be exalted.

Explanations

Some like to use hadeeths as an explanation on the Qur’an. The problem with this is many who use hadeeths in such a manner typically end up going straight to hadeeths. In effect bypassing or even ignoring the context for a particular verse (Ayat).

Aisha age

Many accusations have been leveled against our beloved Prophet (PBUH). One of the most prominent is the claim he married a child. It has been claimed his wife Aisha (RA) was six. Some say nine.   

Based upon historical facts and simple arithmetic we can conclude with certainty that this claim is absolutely false and any Hadith which says otherwise is a fabrication (Maudu`).

Asama, the sister of Aisha, was 10 years older than Aisha and  died in 73 A.H. at the age of 100 years. Thus, at the time of Aisha joining the Holy Prophet as his wife in 2 A.H. Asma’ was 29 which would make Aisha 19.

Asmā’ bint Abi Bakr (أسماء بنت أبي بكر‎).
Aisha bint Abi Bakr (عائشة).

References:

1. Mishkat al-Masabih, published in Lahore, 1986, volume 3, pages 300–301.
2. Tarikh Tabari, vol. 4, p. 50;
3.  Vol. 8, p. 346.
4. Fadl-ul-Bari, vol. 1, p. 501

 

moon god

Some have falsely concluded Muslims worship a moon god. This conclusion is based upon a falsehood that has been propagated by Dr. Robert A. Morey. A Christian apologist and pastor who has been very critical of Islam.

This falsehood like many others is based in complete ignorance. This can be ascertained from the fact that the Qur’an explicitly instructs believers NOT to prostrate to the sun or moon but rather the creator. The one who created the celestial bodies.

Qur’an 41:37 And of His signs are the night and day and the sun and moon. Do not prostrate to the sun or to the moon, but prostate to Allah , who created them, if it should be Him that you worship.

Arabic: ومن اياته الليل والنهار والشمس والقمر لا تسجدوا للشمس ولا للقمر واسجدوا لله الذي خلقهن ان كنتم اياه تعبدون

violence

In Islam violence is not prohibited it is conditional. With the condition being that it is to be used against an aggressor or combatant. Which is someone who initiates fighting against a believer.

Qur’an 2:190 Fight in the way of Allah THOSE WHO FIGHT YOU but do not transgress limits. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors.

Arabic:وَقَاتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ

Someone who initiates fighting against a believer puts him or her on the DEFENSE. The intent  therefore, should always be to DEFEND ones-self or another. Which is the opposite of an unjust use of violence.

Everything

The Qur’an is not a textbook or manual but it does contain everything a believer needs in terms of his or her beliefs (iiman). Nothing is missing.

Qur’an 7:52 We have given them a scripture that is fully detailed, with knowledge, guidance, and mercy for the people who believe.

Arabic: وَلَقَدْ جِئْنَاهُم بِكِتَابٍ فَصَّلْنَاهُ عَلَىٰ عِلْمٍ هُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Qur’an 6:115 The word of your Lord is complete, in truth and justice. Nothing shall abrogate His words. He is the Hearer, the Omniscient.

Arabic: وَتَمَّتْ كَلِمَتُ رَبِّكَ صِدْقًا وَعَدْلًا لَّا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِهِ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

Analysis

Software engineer recently did a textual analysis of religious texts and found the Bible contains more references to killing and destruction than the Qur’an.

Mr. Anderson, the Engineer who conducted the analysis, states: “Killing and destruction are referenced slightly more often in the New Testament (2.8%) than in the Quran (2.1%), but the Old Testament clearly leads—more than twice that of the Quran—in mentions of destruction and killing (5.3%).”

It should be noted that violence in the Qur’an, contextually, is always in references to a just use of violence and said analysis did take this into account.

SEE, http://www.businessinsider.com/someone-compared-the-quran-and-the-bible-to-see-which-was-more-violent-2016-2

Source of Law

Muslims are explicitly warned against seeking other than Allah as a source of Law (Shariah).

Qur’an 6:114 Shall I seek other than GOD as a source of law, when He has revealed to you this book fully detailed? Those who received the scripture recognize that it has been revealed from your Lord, truthfully. You shall not harbor any doubt.

Arabic: أَفَغَيْرَ اللّهِ أَبْتَغِي حَكَمًا وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنَزَلَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكِتَابَ مُفَصَّلاً وَالَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مُنَزَّلٌ مِّن رَّبِّكَ

Hijab

The hijab per se is not a requirement. It is however, a type of veil so it does qualify as meeting the Quranic requirement of not displaying the “adornment” and  covering of “bosom”. Which can be found in Chapter (Surah) 24  Verse (Ayat) 31.

Qur’an 24:31 And say to the female believers to cast down their be holdings, and preserve their private parts, and not display their adornment except such as is outward, and let them fix (Literally: strike) closely their veils over their bosoms, and not display their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons, or their husbands’ sons, or their brothers, or their brothers’s sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or what their right hands possess, or (male) followers, men without desire (Literally: without being endowed with “sexual” desire) or young children who have not yet attained knowledge of women’s privacies, and they should not strike their legs (i.e., stamp their feet) so that whatever adornment they hide may be known. And repent to Allah altogether, (O) you believers, that possibly you would prosper.

Arabic: وقل للمؤمنات يغضضن من ابصارهن ويحفظن فروجهن ولا يبدين زينتهن الا ما ظهر منها وليضربن بخمرهن على جيوبهن ولا يبدين زينتهن الا لبعولتهن او ابائهن او اباء بعولتهن او ابنائهن او ابناء بعولتهن او اخوانهن او بني اخوانهن او بني اخواتهن او نسائهن او ما ملكت ايمانهن او التابعين غير اولي الاربة من الرجال او الطفل الذين لم يظهروا على عورات النساء ولا يضربن بارجلهن ليعلم ما يخفين من زينتهن وتوبوا الى الله جميعا ايه المؤمنون لعلكم تفلحون

The word “veil” should be thought of as a covering, screen, or concealment and not any one specific type of garment. SEE, Veil

Advice

Practical and helpful advises from the Qur’an.

  1. Do not mix the truth with falsehood (2:42)
  2. Do not commit abuse on the earth (2:60)
  3. Breast feed your children for two complete years (2:233)
  4. Do not invalidate charity with reminders (2:264)
  5. Don’t consume interest (2:275)
  6. Do not spy and backbite (2:283)
  7. Restrain Anger (3:134)
  8. Do not be rude in speech (3:159)
  9. Be good to others (4:36)
  10. Be just (5:8)
  11. Do not gamble (5:90)
  12. Do not say a word of disrespect to parents (17:23)
  13. Do not kill your children for fear of poverty (17:31)
  14. Lower your voice (31:19)
  15. Repel evil with good (41:34)
  16. Avoid suspicion (49:12)
  17. Honor guests (51:26)

Note: This is a general list. NO intent is being made to take the Qur’an out of context. Always read everything before and after.

Muslim

The Qur’an defines a Muslim as simply one who is in submission to Allah (SWT).

Qur’an 2:131 When his Lord said to him, Be a Muslim, he said: I submit myself to the Lord of the worlds.

Arabic: اذ قال له ربه اسلم قال اسلمت لرب العالمين

 

Ahl Al-Kitab

Ahl Al-Kitab (أهل الكتاب) is a Quranic term which refers to “People of the Book”. They are the Jews, Christians, and Sabaeans. These are the people who posses the revelations which came before.

The Qur’an makes mention of said revelations as being the Torah, Gospels, and Psalms. See, 2:41,62; 3:93,113; 21:105

 

Surahs

How many Surahs were revealed in Makkah and how many in Madinah?

It is narrated from Hadhrat Ibn Abbas (R.A.) that he asked Hadhrat Ubayy bin Ka’b (R.A.) regarding the portions of the Qur’an that were revealed in Madinah. He said that only 27 Surahs were revealed in Madinah and the rest of the Surahs in Makkah.

Both Madinah and Mecca are in what is now known as Saudi Arabia. The two cities are roughly 451.0 km apart or 4 hours by car.

Summary

Maulana Ahmed Ali Lahori (R.A.) has stated the summary of the Qur’an is three things:
 
1. To worship the creator – Allah (الله),
2. Obidence to Rasulullah (PBUH),
3. To serve the creation.
 
 

dervishes

The dervishes come from the Mevlevi Sufi Order (Tariqa).  This order is from Konya, the central Anatolia region of Turkey.

This order was started by Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Balkhi-Rumi. In the west he is better known as just simply “Rumi”. He was a 13th century Persian Poet who is famous primarily for his poetry.

Dervishes are famous for their whirling. Which is part of what is called Sama (سَمَاع) – the Sufi ceremony.

Whirling done by the dervishes is active meditation. It is not merely meditation though. Whirling is also a form of Dhikr (ذِکْر). Which means: “remembrance of Allah”.

Dhikr  is derived from the Qur’an. The Qur’an states, “in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest” (13:28)

Arabic: الذين امنوا وتطمئن قلوبهم بذكر الله الا بذكر الله تطمئن القلوب

While whirling the dervishes wear a camel skinned hat called sikke and a white robe called tennure. Over that is a black robe that is taken off before whirling.

The black robe is symbolic of the Ego’s dark shroud. Before initiating whirling the Dervishes cross their arms. This is symbolic of the unity and completeness of Allah.

Whirling is  from right to left as the planets in the solar system orbit. This is an embracing of love for all humanity from the creator and sustainer of the Universe.

Pic. Dervishes Whirling

whirling-dervish-monastery

Birmingham

This is an original Qur’an manuscript. It was found by complete accident at the University of Birmingham  in the Research library archives. No one knows how it got there. This particular manuscript contains only one Chapter, Surah 9. It was transcribed in Hijazi script.

It has been dated to between 568 – 645 C.E. Prophet Muhammad (SAAW) died June 8, 632. This manuscript was likely, therefore, transcribed while the Prophet was still living.  Radiocarbon dating was carried out by scientists at the University of Oxford.

1280

Paris

There has been a series of terrorist attacks in Paris, France. Estimates are 150 have been murdered. With at least 80 being injured. The extremists who carried out these acts in no way represent Islam or the majority millions of peaceful law-abiding Muslims around the world. These attacks are cowardly and are absolutely condemned.

Please pray for the victims and their families and also the French people of Paris. If anyone does not pray then do send good thoughts and wishes. May the peace, blessings, and mercy of Allah be with all the victims and their families. Ameen.

http://www.quranguy.org/?p=331

anti-Islamists

The goal of the anti-Islamist is not to give you the context or an exegesis but rather, a distorted view of Islam. It is an attempt to present a truth about Islam in a negative light. The most common way this is done is by removing surrounding material crucial to the context of a particular verse.

To not fall prey to this trick one should look at every verse contextually to find its truest meaning. The simplest way to do this is to examine everything that comes before and after the verse. A minimum of 3-5 verses is good starting point.

Fight in the way ..

The phrase “Fight in the way of Allah”. This is not a command to go out and unjustly kill innocent Non-Muslims as some have concluded. It is a command to fight against those who fight you and not to become the aggressor i.e. initiator of violence, while doing so.

As is clearly stated in chapter 2 verse 190 of the Glorious Qur’an, “Fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you,but begin not hostilities.Lo! Allah loveth not aggressors.”

Arabic: وَقَاتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ

Jefferson

Many have falsely concluded Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States of America, owned a copy of the Qur’an so he could understand his enemies. This conclusion is false for the fact that Jefferson knew of no pending wars as he was still a student at the college of William & Mary when he made his purchase.

The Barbary pirates, who many cite as being his enemies, did not wage war with the USA until 1801. Roughly 41 years after Jefferson started his education at the College of William & Mary.

The real truth is Jefferson owned his copy of the Qur’an to aid him in his studies. At the time Jefferson was a student of jurisprudence.

Jefferson purchased his copy of George Sale’s translation of the Qur’an from a bookseller on Duke of Gloucester Street in Virginia, USA.

 

QASL

The Qur’an is currently being translated into American sign language (ASL) by Global Deaf Muslim – a non-profit Deaf Muslim organization. American sign language is the official language of the deaf in the United States of America.

Many deaf Muslims in the USA do not understand English or Arabic and as such, have very little knowledge on Islam. This makes a translation in ASL of critical importance.

There are no accurate statistics for how many deaf Muslims there are in the USA but some estimates are in the thousands. Projected costs of translating the Qur’an into ASL are $493,200.00 USD.
 
Note: The words translated, translating, and translation are being used for lack of a better word. The QASL Qur’an will be more of an interpretation, literally speaking, of the Qur’an in Arabic. The accuracy should be quite high though.

Rakʿah

Rakʿah (كعة) is a unit of prayer. Each of the five daily prayers has a set number of Rakʿah, which need to be made.

The number of Rakʿah for each prayer is as follows:
Fajr (Dawn) – 2,
Dhuhr (Midday) – 4,
Asr (late afternoon) – 4,
Maghrib (evening) – 3,
Isha (Night) – 4.

The number of Rakʿah for each of the five daily prayers (Salah), as listed above, is a standard derived from hadeeths. The exact number is found nowhere in the Qur’an.

Rakat

fig. 1 Is a pictorial of full Rakʿah.

Eid

September 24th, 2015 is Eid-al-Adha (عيد الأضحى). English: Feast of Sacrifice. This is an Islamic festival to mark Abraham’s (براهيم) willingness to follow a command of Allah (SWT) to sacrifice his son. It is celebrated on the 10 – 13 days of the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah. It is mentioned in the Qur’an – 37:100-112.

Ban

The Qur’an was banned in Soviet Russia from 1926 – 1957. The Soviet Union was based on Communism and Communism is Atheistic. Thus, the reason Qur’an was banned in Soviet Russia.

Spontaneous

The spontaneous creation of Man which some believe in is not Islamic. The Qur’an tells us man was created from the clay, which is a product of the earth. To truly be spontaneous creation would had to of been of nothing.

Qur’an 23.12
YUSUFALI: Man We did create from a quintessence (of clay);
PICKTHAL: Verily We created man from a product of wet earth; 
SHAKIR: And certainly We created man of an extract of clay,

Arabic: ولقد خلقنا الانسان من سلالة من طين

Interpretations

Every verse (ayat) in the Qur’an is open to multiple interpretations. This does not make one interpretation (تفسير) wrong and another right. This merely gives rise to different understandings on the meaning of a particular verse.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Etymology

The Romanized English word “Koran” comes from the Arabic word “Qur’an” (القرآن الكريم) which comes from the Arabic root word “Qara’a” (قرأ) meaning: recite; read.

Memorization

Many in the Muslim world have completely memorized the Qur’an. They have obtained the ability to recite (Tajwid) from memory, in Arabic, every Chapter (Surah) of the Qur’an. One chapter at a time. In Islam these people are given the honorific title of Hafiz  (حافظ).

Terrorism

5 Ways the Qur’an forbids 


 

  1. Terrorism i.e.  hirabah (حِرابة‎), is above all murder and murder is strictly prohibited in Islam. “and do not kill a soul that God has made sacrosanct, save lawfully.” [6:151]
  2. Having religious motives and/or justifications for terrorism is impermissible.  “There is no compulsion in religion. The right way has become distinct from error.” [2:256]
  3. Muslims are required to always exercise justice, even when they have a hatred for someone. “And do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to righteousness.” [5:8]
  4. Violence can only be used against an agressor or combatant and it can never be used in a way which transgresses limits. “Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors.” [2:190]
  5. Intiating agression is not allowed when the enemy seeks or wants peace. “But if the enemies incline towards peace, do you also incline towards peace. And trust in God! For He is the one who hears and knows all things.” [8:61]

Earth fact

The Quran tells us, the Earth was “spread” [79:30]. In this verse (Ayat), in the original Arabic, the word “daha” is used. It comes from the root word “dahv” which means: “to spread.” Scientifically this is accurate. The spin of the Earth over the course of millions of years has caused the earth to spread out. In Scientific terms,  “rotational flattening” has given the earth a spheroid-oblate kind of shape.

 

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Animals

Six chapters (Surah) in the Qur’an are named after animals.

Al-baqarah (The Cow),
Al-Anaam (The Cattle),
Al-Nahl (The Bee),
Al-Naml (The Ant),
Al-Ankaboot (The spider),
Al-Feel (The elephant).

Note: Insects are animals. They are arthropod phylum under Kingdom Animalia.

Sunni & Shia

The Qur’an has an explicit instruction, a prohibition in effect, for Muslims to NOT create divisions.

The Qur’an 3:103 states: “And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided.”

Arabic: وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِحَبْلِ اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلَا تَفَرَّقُوا ۚ وَاذْكُرُوا نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ كُنتُمْ أَعْدَاءً فَأَلَّفَ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِكُمْ فَأَصْبَحْتُم بِنِعْمَتِهِ إِخْوَانًا وَكُنتُمْ عَلَىٰ شَفَا حُفْرَةٍ مِّنَ النَّارِ فَأَنقَذَكُم مِّنْهَا ۗ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ آيَاتِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ

Despite this fact divisions do exist. The two largest and most well known are Shia and Sunni.

Since neither are specifically mentioned in the Qur’an they will be discussed only briefly and generally.

After the death of Prophet Muhammad (عليه السلام) in 632 A.D. there was a dispute over who would lead the Muslim community (Ummah) as Khalif (خليف).

Note: A Khalif is a spiritual and religious leader of the Muslim community (Ummah).

The rightful successor at the time was Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (رضي الله عنه) since he was the closest companion of the Prophet. Serving from 622 – 632 A.D. as a chief advisor.

There were some who believed his succession was not legitimate though. Their belief was Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضي الله عنه) was the rightful successor.

This belief was supported by the fact that Ali was the cousin and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (عليه السلام) so traditionally and by default he is in the line of succession.

Which ended up turning into a dispute within the Muslim community (ummah) and from it emerged two divisions. The followers of Ali and the supporters of Bakr.

Two divisions which eventually became known as Shia and Sunni. Shia meaning the “followers of Ali” and sunni meaning “adherents of the Sunnah”.

Note: The fact that Shia and Sunni divisions still exist does not mean they should exist. The Qur’an’s prohibition upon the creation of divisions is still in effect today.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brackets

In various English meaning Qur’an’s there exist brackets. They typically appear as ( ) or [ ]. These brackets should never be confused with actual text of the Qur’an or meaning therein.

They are equivalent to in text commentary, but in most cases they should be ignored. Brackets are merely bits and pieces of one translators interpretation.

Care & handling

The Qur’an is considered sacred text. IT must, therefore, be handled with care.  Respect for the Qur’an is equivalent to showing respect for Allah (SWT). Which can bring reward in this life or the hereafter, Insha’Allah. Allah is all-knowing and sees all.

General care and guidelines for handling the Qur’an:

  • Never place on the ground.
  • Never bring into a bathroom.
  • Never place any books on top of.
  • Keep all liquids away from as not to spill any on.
  • Keep upright, vertical, when finished reading. The same as you would with books on a bookshelf.
  • Do NOT dog ear any pages.
  • Never bring into a room where marital relations have occurred.
  • Never highlight or mark any pages or text.
  • Keep away from your gentiles.
  • Keep dust free.

Context

Why does one need to look at the context of what he or she is reading (Iqra) in the Qur’an?  For the fact that without context meaning often becomes distorted. This can lead to misunderstandings on a particular passage or verse (Ayat). 

Jesus

Jesus, Son of Mary, is mentioned in the Qur’an twenty-five times. He is referred to as a righteous prophet, messenger to Israel, sign, Spirit from God, and the coming Messiah.